AI Agents that are supposed to be able to function on a level comparable to players.
All games need players. However, there are not always enough people available and willing to play to fit the demands on
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Not all AI players need to be controlled by computers. A 'robot', really a set of instructions that a human needed to follow, was introduced in the expansion 'The Gathering Storm' of the card game Race for the Galaxy. This 'robot' allows a single player to player against it as if a two-player instance of the game was being played. An even earlier example of an AI Player was 'MENACE' by Donald Michie. Although not the first AI Player for Tic-Tac-Toe it could get better after each time it played and was first implemented through the use of beans and about 300 matchboxes.
Using the pattern
Can Be Instantiated By
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Possible Closure Effects
Potentially Conflicting With
New pattern created in this wiki.
- Link to the EDSAC emulator website, which includes the code for 'OXO'.
- Michie, D. 'Trial and Error', in Penguin Science Survey 1961, Vol. 2.