Choke Points

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Areas in game worlds which can be used to block access to other areas.

This pattern is a still a stub.


Choke Points are used in maps for many multiplayer First-Person Shooters as they concentrate gameplay activity.

For Team Fortress 2, examples include the tunnel in the Gold Rush map and the blue team's initial exit points in the Dustbowl map.

Using the pattern

Choke Points can be create through designing narrow sections in Game Worlds or Levels that solely or together with just a few other Choke Points provide access between other parts of the Game Worlds or Levels. Alternatively, Inaccessible Areas, Obstacles or Environmental Effects can be used and Environmental Effects can make the use of Choke Points a Tradeoff rather than a requirement. Of course, if several Choke Points exist between the same areas - which makes them into Flanking Routes - then players also have a choice whether to use a particular Choke Point or not. The existence of Flanking Routes may however make locations stop functioning as Choke Points if they always offer easier access to other parts of the Game Worlds.


Selectable Set of Goals

Can Instantiate

Choke Points are Strategic Locations,


Area Control Repeated Domination Strongholds

with Enemies

Eliminate, Inaccessible Areas

Can Modulate

Combat, Enemies, Game Worlds, Guard, Levels, Stealth


Can Instantiate

Area Control Repeated Domination, Selectable Set of Goals, Strategic Locations, Strongholds, Tradeoffs

with Enemies

Eliminate, Inaccessible Areas

Can Modulate

Combat, Enemies, Game Worlds, Guard, Levels, Movement, Stealth

Can Be Instantiated By

Inaccessible Areas, Environmental Effects, Obstacles

Can Be Modulated By

Flanking Routes

Possible Closure Effects


Potentially Conflicting With

Flanking Routes


New pattern created in this wiki. However, it was first introduced using another template by Hullett and Whitehead[1], and a more detailed description in this template is available[2].


  1. Hullett, K. & Whitehead, J. (2010). Design Patterns in FPS Levels, paper presentation at Foundations of Digital Games 2010, June 19-21, Monterey, CA, USA.
  2. Choke Point pattern by Kenneth Hullett.


Kennart Hullett, Jim Whitehead