Picture-in-Picture Views

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Games which make use of presentations inside other presentations.

This pattern is a still a stub.


probes in deus ex

additional screens in openTTD and Transport Tycoon

System Shock has the Sense-around hardware implant that allows you to see behind you (v1) and even full 360 view (v3) according to the reference card. The view is seen as "picture in picture" on the HUD.

Although they sometimes take up all of the screen space instead of just some, sticky cameras in the Splinter Cell series are examples of Picture-in-Picture Views.


wingmen facecams in e.g. Star Fox series


Using the pattern

Can Be Instantiated By


Can Be Modulated By


Can Modulate


Diegetic Aspects

While it may seem that Picture-in-Picture Views might challenge the Diegetic Consistency of a game, this can easily be avoided by introducing diegetic elements that can provide images from afar.

Interface Aspects

Picture-in-Picture Views is an Interface Pattern. Alternatives to it include Auxiliary Game Screens and Split-Screen Views.


Point of Interest Indications,

Picture-in-Picture Views are a form of Split-Screen Views. They typically create Third-Person Views (conceivably it would instead be First-Person Views if they are used to form Split-Screen Views of diegetic entities that can look at several independent things at once).

Game State Indicators, Game State Overviews,


Can Instantiate

Game State Indicators, Game State Overviews, Point of Interest Indications, Split-Screen Views, Third-Person Views

Can Modulate


Can Be Instantiated By


Can Be Modulated By


Possible Closure Effects


Potentially Conflicting With



New pattern created in this wiki.


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Kelvin Autenrieth, Jason Begy, Daniel Bernhoff, Janne Paavilainen, Orvar Säfström, Jose Zagal