Uncertainty of Information

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The case when a player cannot be certain on the reliability of information he or she has.

This pattern is a still a stub.





Using the pattern

Diegetic Aspects

Interface Aspects

Narration Aspects



to add Bluffing Betrayal

--- old Instantiates: Secret Alliances, Secret Resources, Limited Planning Ability

Modulates: Unknown Goals, Outcome Indicators

Instantiated by: Indirect Information, Exploration, Imperfect Information, Gain Information

Modulated by: Randomness

Potentially conflicting with: Conflicts, Direct Information, Game State Indicators, Interferable Goals, Perfect Information, Goal Indicators, Progress Indicators, Outcome Indicators

--- new

Can Instantiate

Anonymous Actions, Game World Exploration, Player Unpredictability, Solution Uncertainty, Tension

with Enemies


Can Modulate

Delayed Effects, Predictable Consequences, Stimulated Planning

Can Be Instantiated By

Ambiguous Responses, Communication Channels, Detective Structures, Drawing Stacks, Enforced Player Anonymity, Feigned Die Rolls, Fog of War, Information Passing, Non-Player Help

Enemies together with Randomness

Can Be Modulated By

Public Player Statistics, Randomness

Possible Closure Effects


Potentially Conflicting With

Predictable Consequences


An updated version of the pattern Uncertainty of Information that was part of the original collection in the book Patterns in Game Design[1].


  1. Björk, S. & Holopainen, J. (2004) Patterns in Game Design. Charles River Media. ISBN1-58450-354-8.