Player Created Game Elements

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Game Elements created by players to be used in a game.

Not all games bought or created by organizers come with all parts complete. Instead players of some games either have to create game elements themselves before gameplay begins or can create game elements during gameplay. This may be the character one is going to play in a role-playing game, the program that is going to compete for oneself in a programming game, or the props to be used in a live-action roleplaying game. All these are examples of Player Created Game Elements.


Player Created Game Elements are common in all types of Roleplaying Games. In Tabletop versions like Dungeons & Dragons and GURPS players need create their own characters and potential followers or pets. This is also needed in Computer-based versions like the Fallout series or the Neverwinter Nights series but Massively Multiplayer ones like Entropia Universe, Eve Online, and World of Warcraft also include the crafting of new game items as part of gameplay. The older text-based versions such as Kingdoms or DragonMud went one step further and let the players not only create the areas gameplay took place in but the actual rules through adding and changing the code that ran the servers. Live Action Roleplaying Games, e.g. Dragonbane and Trenne Byar, require a multitude of props and buildings and all these need to be created by players or organizers (whom typically are players also).

Besides the goal of surviving encounters with various "mobs", playing Minecraft consists to a large degree of crafting new items and tools as well as reshaping the game world according to one's whim.

Although players of Warhammer 40K buy miniatures to play this game, painting them is part of the gaming activities (and required for tournaments). On this merit, the miniatures used during gameplay can be seen as Player Created Game Elements since the painting (and modifying) of the miniatures make them all unique and in many cases have specific aesthetic intentions.

When not playing the game, players of the Advance Wars series or some implementations of Sokoban can make new levels to either play themselves or to challenge other players with.

Using the pattern

There are two main ways in which Player Created Game Elements can be supported in games. The first way consists of making it possible to do gameplay actions that insert Game Items in the Game Worlds. Construction and Crafting lets this be done and perceived by players as they have created the Game Items; Producers can also do this but are more likely to be seen as effect of the game system than creations of players. The second way consists of letting players create game elements as Extra-Game Actions. This may be the creation of Player-Created Characters before gameplay starts in Roleplaying Games such as Dungeons & Dragons or the Storytelling System, the programming of Algorithmic Agents for Zero-Player Games such as Crobots, or even the real world crafting of items for Live Action Roleplaying Games such as 1942 – Noen å stole på and Trenne Byar. Initial Personalization and Workshopping are more specific technique usable for this purpose, typically used in Roleplaying Games but possible in other games as well.

Entitled Players provide a means both only letting some players be able to create game elements and for doing this outside the actual gameplay.

Storytelling can either be the cause of why new Player Created Game Elements appear or be used as explanations of how they enter the game. More specifically, the ability of players to engage in Player-Planned Development is very likely to affect Player Created Game Elements since the players can have already planned well in advance what game elements to introduce when the possibility to do so appears.

Interface Aspects

Secondary Interface Screens are quite often used to support Crafting and sometimes Construction actions and can thereby be relevant when one wishes to enable Player Created Game Elements.


The support for Player Created Game Elements can produce anything from individual Game Items to complete Levels or Player Constructed Worlds. Having players create game elements make them into Producers, and the present of the pattern Player Created Game Elements make no sense unless these game elements can enter gameplay through Game Element Insertion. Being able to create game elements typically provides players with Freedom of Choice and this can be the basis for allowing Pottering activities within a game (as long as other aspects such as Tension is lacking from the experience). For games meant to include Roleplaying, letting players create parts of the game, most commonly Player-Created Characters, allows them to modulate in which way they should roleplay.

While Player Created Game Elements can create Game Items that can be exchanged as part of Game Element Trading, the introduction of new items may disrupt the values of existing goods. For this reason, Player Created Game Elements can both create and work against Game Element Trading.


Can Instantiate

Freedom of Choice, Game Element Insertion, Game Element Trading, Game Items, Levels, Player Constructed Worlds, Pottering, Producers

Can Modulate


Can Be Instantiated By

Algorithmic Agents, Construction, Crafting, Entitled Players, Extra-Game Actions, Initial Personalization, Player-Created Characters, Storytelling, Workshopping

Can Be Modulated By

Player-Planned Development, Secondary Interface Screens, Storytelling

Possible Closure Effects


Potentially Conflicting With

Game Element Trading


New pattern created in this wiki.