Pattern Suggestion List

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For patterns that have partly or fully been inserted into the wiki, see the category of patterns. See also Renamed Patterns.

Note: not all these patterns should necessary be made...

Note: to make a new pattern, use the Gameplay Design Pattern Template

Note: the suggested patterns are not made as links to avoid hiding patterns that are actually referenced to


From the cd-rom

Game Elements


Social Interactions


Competition ( not Competitions )

Constructive Gameplay ( <- Constructive Play )

Conflicts ( <- Conflict )

Temporary Alliances <- (Dynamic Alliances)


Player-Decided Results

Social Interaction

Social Organizations

Uncommitted Alliances

Secret Alliances

Narrative and Diegetic Structures

Alternative Realities

Never Ending Stories

Player Experience and Game Mastery


Cognitive Engrossment (<- Cognitive Immersion )

Engrossment ( <- Immersion)

Creative Control

Empowerment - should be related to Exaggerated Perception of Influence and Player Agency


Sensory-Motoric Engrossment ( <- Sensory-Motoric Immersion )

Spatial Engrossment ( <- Spatial Immersion )

Limited Planning Ability

Surprises (link to attention demanding)

Actions and Events

Asymmetric Abilities (add to category Symmetry Patterns)

Attention Swapping

Disruption of Focused Attention

Indirect Control

Limited Set of Actions

Player-Decided Distributions (<- Player-Decided Distribution of Rewards & Penalties)

Role Reversal

Transfer of Control (relate to Loss of Control and Helplessness)

Information and Communication

Asymmetric Information (link to Tension) (add to category Symmetry Patterns)

Direct Information

Extra-Game Information

Imperfect Information

Indirect Information

Limited Foresight

Perfect Information

Public Information

Symmetric Information (link to Tension) (add to category Symmetry Patterns)

Resource Management

Closed Economies

Diminishing Returns

Limited Resources <- Should be removed (but take info from old pattern)


Production-Consumption Flows ( <- Producer-Consumer )


Resource Generators (tangible game elements now; and break out Generators)

Game Sessions

Reversibility ( <- Reversability)

The Show Must Go On (link to Tick-Based Games, and this and this)

Goals and Goal Structures


Metagames, Replayability, and Balancing

Quick Games

Rock-Paper-Scissors (<- Paper-Rock-Scissors)

Red Queen Dilemmas

Perceivable Margins

Risk/Reward (dynamic)

Trans-Game Information (don't forget Power Stone 2 and VMU; Spore; etc)


Smooth Learning Curves

Symmetry (add to category Symmetry Patterns)

Left-overs from the book

Distributed Rewards, Extra-Game Rewards, Flexible Game Element Set-Up, Judges, Mentorship, Perceivable Consequences, Possibility for Disinformation, Psychological Immersion, Reasonable Waiting Times, Saving, Secret Tactics

New from various sources

NPC design with Petri

Visual Body Damage

Dissectible Bodies (actually Fallout and New Vegas seem to have this, see

Social NPC design with Petri

Binding Promises


Competing for Attention


Either You are with Me or against Me

False Accusations

Favors (<- Favor )

Gain Allies

Guide and Protect

Hierarchical Factions <- Hierarchical Fraction

Linked Destinies

Maintaining Lies


Memory of Important Events

My Enemy’s Enemy is my Friend

Others Fortune affects own Mood


Outspoken Support

Requesting Support

Social Gatekeeper

Diegetic Social Maintenance <- Social Maintenance

Diegetic Social Norms <- Social Norm

Traitors <- Traitor

Dialogue design with Jenny

Incremental Dialogue Processing

Chunk-based Dialogue Processing

Single-Initiative Dialogues

Mixed Initiative Dialogues

Basic Input Feedback


Canned Text Responses (now not only as output but also as input)

Thematically Consistent Dialogues (<- Diegetically Consistent Dialogue)

Context Dependent Dialogues ( <- Context Dependent Dialogue )

Gameplay Integrated Conversation ( <- Gameplay Integrated Conversation)

Illocutionary Interfaces ( <- Illocutionary Interface link to Puzzle Solving and System Exploration, split things from Chat Channels )

Location-Specific Dialogues ( <- Location-Specific Dialogues)

Character-Specific Dialogues ( <- Character-Specific Dialogue )

Colloquial Mastery

Delicate Phrasing

MMOG design by Jenny's master students (Torbjörn Söderqvist & Christian Larsson)

Loot Rights





Stackables (also can apply to Units)

Upgradables (also can apply to Units)






Social Status Symbols


Persistant State World

Fixed Real-World Exchange Rate

Death game mönstret

Point of No Return

New proposals from working with the wiki

Togetherness <- Mutual Experiences [grew out of rewriting real-time games, and makes Karl happy maybe] --Staffan Björk 16:18, 6 November 2009 (UTC)

Option Interfaces [grew out of real-time games, pop-up choices outside the main game interface, does this exists already partly?] --Staffan Björk 17:58, 7 November 2009 (UTC)

Asymmetric Roles (Vast already covered by asymmetrical abilities? e.g. Allegiance, where one player steers the ship/bombs and one sits in a turret to keep interceptors at bay--Karl Bergström 14:33, 20 November 2009 (UTC))

Group Belonging (L4D, aesthetics work) --Staffan Björk 11:06, 16 December 2009 (UTC)

Community Functionality --Staffan Björk 15:07, 16 December 2009 (UTC)

Voting --Staffan Björk 12:10, 17 December 2009 (UTC)

Player Decided Rule Setup --Staffan Björk 12:10, 17 December 2009 (UTC)

Game-Defined Vocabulary (quick responses in Battlefield and L4D series) --Staffan Björk 12:29, 17 December 2009 (UTC)

Kiting (drawing monsters out and attacking them) --Staffan Björk 11:15, 31 January 2010 (UTC)

Mutual Enemies (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Excluding Groups (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Inherent Mistrust (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Coordination (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper - include WoW marker example by Bennerstedt) --Staffan Björk 12:28, 27 April 2010 (UTC)

Sabotage (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Simultaneous Challenges (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Virtual Co-Presence (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Mutual Experiences (from Aesthetical Gameplay Patterns paper) --Staffan Björk 15:09, 22 February 2010 (UTC)

Limited Gameplay Time (that either game sessions or play sessions are designed to be limited in time or moves, link Time Limits) --Staffan Björk 10:11, 24 February 2010 (UTC)

Initial Personalization (that one can customized avatars before ones gameplay begins) --Staffan Björk 07:46, 30 March 2010 (UTC)

Attributes (duh...) --Staffan Björk 06:38, 6 April 2010 (UTC)

Feats (duh...) --Staffan Björk 06:38, 6 April 2010 (UTC)

Advantages (duh...) --Staffan Björk 06:38, 6 April 2010 (UTC)

Disadvantages (duh...) --Staffan Björk 06:38, 6 April 2010 (UTC)

Customizable Development (choices when having character development) --Staffan Björk 06:48, 7 April 2010 (UTC)

Player Time Investments (basically, that players have spent time in the game to either master skills or create/shape something in the game) --Staffan Björk 06:53, 7 April 2010 (UTC)

Avatar Personalization (cosmetic personalization of avatars) --Staffan Björk 07:06, 7 April 2010 (UTC)

Development Trees (as in civ but also as in D&D and Borderlands, Technology Trees link) --Staffan Björk 11:45, 17 April 2010 (UTC)

Emergent Gameplay (1+1=3) --Staffan Björk 07:18, 25 April 2010 (UTC)

Bragging --Staffan Björk 10:58, 30 April 2010 (UTC)

Cartel Formation (based on non-game reasons) --Staffan Björk 16:03, 3 May 2010 (UTC)

Unobserved Game Events (from inserting patterns from Petri's PhD thesis) --Staffan Björk 07:39, 28 May 2010 (UTC)

Character Memories (from inserting patterns from Petri's PhD thesis) --Staffan Björk 07:56, 28 May 2010 (UTC)

Game Prophecies (information from the game what will happen in the future of the game) --Staffan Björk 07:58, 28 May 2010 (UTC)

Self-Facilitated Rules (as Self-Facilitated Games but only for rules and can be just a part of the rules) --Staffan Björk 22:03, 4 June 2010 (UTC)

Infiltrate (pretending to be in a group) --Staffan Björk 07:18, 25 June 2010 (UTC)

fgh effect (that the 3rd guy is the crook, whomever the 3rd guy turns out to be, from newish Gamma World rules) --Staffan Björk 08:21, 25 June 2010 (UTC)

Guilds (duh) --Staffan Björk 13:11, 31 August 2010 (CEST)

Conspiring (secret negotiations) --Staffan Björk 12:13, 3 September 2010 (CEST)

Effect Descriptions (descriptions of the game effect of an action) --Staffan Björk 10:22, 7 September 2010 (CEST)

Tragedy of the Commons (breakout from Social Dilemmas?) --Staffan Björk 16:47, 7 September 2010 (CEST)

Enforced Goals (goals you need to succeed with to complete or win a game, link to Committed Goals) --Staffan Björk 10:35, 9 September 2010 (CEST)

Indirectly Aggressive Actions (A secondary effect to an action that improves your chances in which opponents ability to improve their absolute position is reduced) --Staffan Björk 10:57, 9 September 2010 (CEST)

Directly Aggressive Actions (Actions that reduced opponents absolute positions in the game) --Staffan Björk 10:57, 9 September 2010 (CEST)

Game Element Removal (duh) --Staffan Björk 16:54, 9 September 2010 (CEST)

Game-Based Social Statuses (re-introduced from Social Status ) --Staffan Björk 10:51, 10 September 2010 (CEST)

Upgrading (the event of giving new or improved abilities) --Staffan Björk 14:39, 10 September 2010 (CEST)

Tokens (duh, link to Null Tokens and resources) --Staffan Björk 15:11, 10 September 2010 (CEST)

Chain Reactions --Staffan Björk 12:48, 17 September 2010 (CEST)

Character Sheets --Staffan Björk 11:54, 21 September 2010 (CEST)

Indirect Conflicts (from writing Algorithmic Agents) --Staffan Björk 11:04, 18 November 2010 (CET)

Ranking Systems

Public Interfaces (interfaces that are accessible to several people at the same time, e.g. Flight Control on the iPad) --Staffan Björk 19:19, 27 November 2010 (CET)

Appointments (related to Encouraged Return Visits; taken from the SVNGR mechanic Appointment Dynamic,

Incremental Information Delivery (from the SVNGR mechanic Cascading Information Theory,

Communal Problem Solving (from the SVNGR mechanic Communal Discovery,

Lottery (from the SVNGR mechanic Lottery,

Shell Game (from the SVNGR mechanic Shell Game,

Sandbox Gameplay (duh; diff. from simulations may be in one having an avatar) --Staffan Björk 10:29, 9 December 2010 (CET)

Multiple Endings (duh) --Staffan Björk 17:16, 13 December 2010 (CET)

Referees (duh) --Staffan Björk 13:43, 4 January 2011 (CET)

Limited Communication Abilities (ESP Game and Space Alert) --Staffan Björk 17:25, 4 January 2011 (CET)

Hidden Rules (rules that players don't have explicit descriptions of) --Staffan Björk 17:52, 4 January 2011 (CET)

Varying Rule Set (rules that players don't have explicit descriptions of) --Staffan Björk 17:52, 4 January 2011 (CET)

Proxy Players (agents playing for somebody else) --Staffan Björk 11:37, 5 January 2011 (CET)

Narrative Engrossment (duh) --Staffan Björk 20:53, 12 January 2011 (CET)

Modifiable Game Interfaces (WoW & MUD clients) --Staffan Björk 22:03, 12 January 2011 (CET)

Expansions (duh) --Staffan Björk 20:40, 15 January 2011 (CET)

Faucet/Drain (economic model in contrast to a closed system, see --Staffan Björk 16:50, 17 January 2011 (CET)

Discontinuous Progression (since not everything is Arithmetic or Geometric) --Staffan Björk 20:40, 15 February 2011 (CET)

Event Thresholds (from writing Arithmetic Progression, quantitative point at which an event is triggered) --Staffan Björk 21:54, 17 February 2011 (CET)

Encouraged Constant Player Activity (from writing resource caps) --Staffan Björk 19:11, 18 February 2011 (CET)

Pubstomping (duh, link to Dominant Strategies) --Staffan Björk 08:18, 20 February 2011 (CET)

Victory Points (as tokens) --Staffan Björk 08:59, 27 February 2011 (CET)

Miniatures (duh) --Staffan Björk 18:27, 12 March 2011 (CET)

Turtling (from wikipedia and Mikael Rytterhag's Camping paper) --Staffan Björk 12:29, 13 March 2011 (CET)

Player-Constructed Worlds --Staffan Björk 00:51, 20 March 2011 (CET)

Scenarios (different setups in wargame and RPGs, and Space Alert) --Staffan Björk 16:10, 26 March 2011 (CET)

Inhabitants (duh) --Staffan Björk 09:36, 2 April 2011 (CEST)

Jumping (duh, including double jumping, e.g. and --Staffan Björk 00:00, 3 April 2011 (CEST)

Cheat Codes (duh) --Staffan Björk 11:25, 4 April 2011 (CEST)

Powers (spells, etc.) --Staffan Björk 21:11, 6 April 2011 (CEST)

Buffs --Staffan Björk 19:32, 7 April 2011 (CEST)

Debuffs --Staffan Björk 19:32, 7 April 2011 (CEST)

Stealing (duh) --Staffan Björk 19:41, 8 April 2011 (CEST)

Farming (duh) --Staffan Björk 20:42, 8 April 2011 (CEST)

Twinking (for WoW) --Staffan Björk 20:01, 9 April 2011 (CEST)

Enforced Ownership (Soulbound concept from WoW) --Staffan Björk 20:05, 9 April 2011 (CEST)

Faucet/Sink (opposite to Closed Economies or Faucet/Drain) --Staffan Björk 10:14, 10 April 2011 (CEST)

Micromanagement (duh) --Staffan Björk 16:38, 10 April 2011 (CEST)

System Exploration (Exploration of the system...) --Staffan Björk 17:33, 12 April 2011 (CEST)

Agent Needs --Staffan Björk 13:28, 14 April 2011 (CEST)

Maintenance --Staffan Björk 21:21, 14 April 2011 (CEST)

Production-Consumption Chains (flows but the types change) --Staffan Björk 13:18, 17 April 2011 (CEST)

Nurturing (from Pottering paper) --Staffan Björk 21:59, 17 April 2011 (CEST)

Calm Flow (from Pottering paper) --Staffan Björk 21:59, 17 April 2011 (CEST)

Technologies (duh, link Technology Trees) --Staffan Björk 22:42, 20 April 2011 (CEST)

Technology Trees (duh, link Development Trees) --Staffan Björk 22:42, 20 April 2011 (CEST)

Maintenance Costs (resource drains) --Staffan Björk 19:07, 21 April 2011 (CEST)

Character Classes (duh) --Staffan Björk 07:52, 30 April 2011 (CEST)

Experience Points (duh, "Points used to measure a character’s progress towards a state where abilities or characteristics related to gameplay are improved.") --Staffan Björk 01:27, 7 May 2011 (CEST)

Popup Screens (duh; fix link from note in Reward Widgets) --Staffan Björk 19:02, 7 May 2011 (CEST)

Unit Formations (interface pattern for handling groups of units, e.g. in HoI series and Pik-Min) --Staffan Björk 14:38, 8 May 2011 (CEST)

Saving (duh) --Staffan Björk 17:25, 12 May 2011 (CEST)

Super Combos (loong combos, suggested by Johan Wingård) --Staffan Björk 20:26, 20 May 2011 (CEST)

Button Bashing (duh) --Staffan Björk 19:38, 21 May 2011 (CEST)

Flags (as in Capture the Flag) --Staffan Björk 14:49, 22 May 2011 (CEST)

Modal Windows (duh) --Staffan Björk 21:25, 23 May 2011 (CEST)

HUD Buttons (Buttons in HUD parts of interfaces, e.g. Quests in FarmVille --Staffan Björk 21:28, 23 May 2011 (CEST)

Rounds (duh; remember hit left, dodge right also; also Rounds collect a series of turns into a large structure which allows for the counting of Scores and Ultra-Powerful Events) --Staffan Björk 14:41, 4 June 2011 (CEST)

Planning Phases (second half of Space Alert for example, Caylus, Dominant Species, Space Hulk video game, Fallout early combat system) --Staffan Björk 09:27, 16 June 2011 (CEST)

Execution Phases (second half of Space Alert for example, Caylus, Dominant Species, Space Hulk video game, Fallout early combat system) --Staffan Björk 09:27, 16 June 2011 (CEST)

Money (duh; not only for bidding, maintainance, but also as budgeted action points) --Staffan Björk 09:36, 19 June 2011 (CEST)

Limited Number of Uses (charges but also resources needed to activate actions) --Staffan Björk 15:48, 20 June 2011 (CEST)

Exploits (unintentional combos in games; Deus Ex example; [1] negative pattern but Nomic) --Staffan Björk 13:32, 10 July 2011 (CEST)

Generators (diegetic game objects that produce other diegetic game elements, e.g. monster generators in Gauntlet or water blocks in Minecraft) --Staffan Björk 18:17, 11 July 2011 (CEST)

Extras (not the concept from sports but prepped people playing NPCs, "specially instructed player") --Staffan Björk 11:39, 13 July 2011 (CEST)

Repeated Domination (Domination from Team Fortress; base raping, etc.; don't forget positive and negative feedback loops) --Staffan Björk 14:48, 13 July 2011 (CEST)

Railroading (duh; tacka Kalle) --Staffan Björk 11:09, 15 July 2011 (CEST)

Cover Systems --Staffan Björk 14:58, 18 July 2011 (CEST)

Open Worlds (duh) --Staffan Björk 12:21, 4 August 2011 (CEST)

User Accounts (duh) --Staffan Björk 21:52, 4 August 2011 (CEST)

Player-Generated Narratives (duh) --Staffan Björk 09:07, 8 August 2011 (CEST)

suits? --Staffan Björk 13:16, 23 August 2011 (CEST)

Mods (duh) --Staffan Björk 12:02, 3 September 2011 (CEST)

Pie Menus (duh) --Staffan Björk 11:23, 21 September 2011 (CEST)

Performance Modifiers --Staffan Björk 14:24, 22 September 2011 (CEST)

Game Registration (signing up to play a game) --Staffan Björk 12:54, 1 October 2011 (CEST)

Leaning (giantbomb, cover systems) --Staffan Björk 20:30, 9 October 2011 (CEST)

Limited Repeats (rules against repeating same sequence of actions - e.g. Chess and Go) --Staffan Björk 14:35, 14 November 2011 (CET)

Predictable Gameplay Time ( measured in game state changes or player actions; carcarsonne, pandemic, most card games, board game with set number of turns, history of the world ) --Staffan Björk 10:02, 13 August 2012 (CEST)

Juicy Interfaces ( re Jesper Juul and Chaim Gingold) --Staffan Björk 14:13, 20 August 2012 (CEST)

Collectables (Erik Einebrandt) --Staffan Björk 15:32, 31 August 2012 (CEST)

Transmedia Games ?

Loss of Control (mech, when system takes over characters, units, etc. Panic in X-Com, failed fright checks and disadvantages in GURPs, related to Loss of Control?!?]] --Staffan Björk 14:27, 14 December 2012 (CET)

Lingering Effects (mechanical; from X-COM; multiturn effects, can give Time Limits) --Staffan Björk 14:27, 14 December 2012 (CET)

Instakills (dynamic; duh; X-COM Chryssalids, headshots in L4D series on ordinary infected; CS?) --Staffan Björk 10:10, 15 December 2012 (CET)

Task-Related Loadouts (dynamic; selecting equipment to fit mission/quest) --Staffan Björk 10:12, 21 December 2012 (CET)

Dominant Strategies (duh) --Staffan Björk 15:41, 7 January 2013 (CET)

Random Encounters --Staffan Björk (talk) 16:34, 20 May 2014 (CEST)

Dialogue Trees (duh, see giant bomb also) --Staffan Björk (talk) 13:27, 12 June 2014 (CEST)

Pickup Groups (duh, WoW and our paper) --Staffan Björk (talk) 16:10, 14 June 2014 (CEST)

Social Status Indicators (relate to Game-Based Social Statuses and In-Game Memorabilia) --Staffan Björk (talk) 16:05, 19 June 2014 (CEST)

Gambling (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:25, 21 June 2014 (CEST)

Game Clients (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:49, 22 June 2014 (CEST)

Command Line Systems (chatting and giving system commands) --Staffan Björk (talk) 21:58, 27 June 2014 (CEST)

Voice-overs (as in movies) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:45, 1 July 2014 (CEST)

Maps (2d-projections, game board that one moves on, links to Game World Exploration, Installations, Bases, Resource Locations, Location-Fixed Abilities, Territories, Quick Travel, Secondary Interface Screens, Mini-maps , Fog of War, Game World Exploration, Game World Navigation) --Staffan Björk (talk) 12:17, 3 July 2014 (CEST)

Disabilities (not having abilities others do) --Staffan Björk (talk) 13:32, 3 July 2014 (CEST)

Scapegoats (players blamed for things, a lost pattern) --Staffan Björk (talk) 12:14, 9 July 2014 (CEST)

Unmediated Social Interaction (somehow lost, many patterns relating to it) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:39, 14 July 2014 (CEST)

Bleed (LARP, duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:53, 17 July 2014 (CEST)

Glitch Usage (not easy to design for but...) --Staffan Björk (talk) 22:49, 17 July 2014 (CEST)

Secret Communication (hidden communication channels mostly) --Staffan Björk (talk) 12:33, 28 July 2014 (CEST)

Emotional Engrossment (lost somehow?) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:00, 28 July 2014 (CEST)

Voice Channels? --Staffan Björk (talk) 21:45, 20 January 2015 (CET) Context Dependent Actions (from working with Context Dependent Reactions, see also

Aftercare (from nordic larps) --Staffan Björk (talk) 19:52, 6 September 2014 (CEST)

Slow Landing (from nordic larps) --Staffan Björk (talk) 19:52, 6 September 2014 (CEST)

Cheat Sheets (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 20:08, 12 September 2014 (CEST)

Highlighting (from jonas paper) --Staffan Björk (talk) 09:19, 22 September 2014 (CEST)

Energy (resources that fuel actions) --Staffan Björk (talk) 09:42, 7 October 2014 (CEST)

Real-Time Performance (link to Player Unpredictability, Uncertainty of Outcome, Enactment, Roleplaying, etc.) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:53, 3 January 2015 (CET)

Player Reading (link to Player Unpredictability , Bluffing, Negotiation, Enactment) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:59, 8 January 2015 (CET)

Theorycrafting --Staffan Björk (talk) 00:27, 16 January 2015 (CET)

Possibility of Own Goals --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:33, 16 January 2015 (CET)

Comeback Mechanisms (see, link to Balancing Effects) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:43, 16 January 2015 (CET)

Please Don't Quit (see --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:43, 16 January 2015 (CET)

Permabanning (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:48, 16 January 2015 (CET)

Income (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:03, 18 January 2015 (CET)

Gamer Mode (Anders' PhD thesis, aesthetic pattern, relate to various types of Engrossment, Roleplaying) --Staffan Björk (talk) 09:25, 23 January 2015 (CET)

Automated Movement (a la Wastelands 2, gives Downtime) --Staffan Björk (talk) 22:04, 1 February 2015 (CET)

Serendipitous Finds (relate to Game World Exploration, Dialogues, finding things while doing other things) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:39, 4 February 2015 (CET)

Espionage (?, relate to Gain Information, Stealth) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:29, 4 February 2015 (CET)

Impassible Terrain (duh, relate to Inaccessible Areas) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:14, 8 February 2015 (CET)

Privileged Units (to tie Privileged Abilities to Units, civ with factions) --Staffan Björk (talk) 14:16, 9 February 2015 (CET)

Privileged Facilities (to tie Privileged Abilities to Units, civ with factions) --Staffan Björk (talk) 14:16, 9 February 2015 (CET)

Privileged Factions (to tie Privileged Abilities to Units, civ with factions) --Staffan Björk (talk) 14:16, 9 February 2015 (CET)

Maintenance Costs (link to Negative Feedback Loops) --Staffan Björk (talk) 14:58, 9 February 2015 (CET)

Reward Schemes (mappings of goals to rewards, e.g. tech trees, extra lives, even high score lists) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:44, 9 February 2015 (CET)

Facilities (duh, building in civ e.g.) --Staffan Björk (talk) 16:07, 9 February 2015 (CET)

Diplomacy System (rules for diplomatic states) --Staffan Björk (talk) 09:52, 11 February 2015 (CET)

Tutorial System (duh, link to Quests through e.g. Civilization: Beyond Earth) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:41, 11 February 2015 (CET)

Money Transformation Flow (from Johanna and Steven's master thesis; money in, money out) --Staffan Björk (talk) 20:10, 5 June 2015 (CEST)

Landscaping (found in Props pattern...) --Staffan Björk (talk) 12:30, 1 July 2015 (CEST)

Voice-overs (as in movies...) --Staffan Björk (talk) 23:05, 4 July 2015 (CEST)

Player Judges (as in Apples to Apples, Cards against Humanity, or Rappakalja) --Staffan Björk (talk) 07:17, 30 July 2015 (CEST)

Penalty Boxes (as per Ice Hockey) --Staffan Björk (talk) 09:35, 31 July 2015 (CEST)

Collectibles (different from Collections) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:01, 3 September 2015 (CEST)

Resource-Gatherers (from this --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:16, 1 October 2015 (CEST)

Game State Editing (link to Save Files, cheating, Game Masters, Game Command Console, Extra-Game Actions) --Staffan Björk (talk) 13:25, 28 October 2015 (CET)

Multiple Social Circles (larps) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:39, 10 November 2015 (CET)

Stepwise Elimination Scoring (Lords of Xidit) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:39, 10 November 2015 (CET)

Game Command Console (typically for entering cheat codes etc., allows for playful interaction a la Free Game Element Manipulation) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:19, 10 November 2015 (CET)

Playful Interaction (free play, link to Free Game Element Manipulation and Game Command Console) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:21, 10 November 2015 (CET)

Winning by Elimination (basically Player Elimination applied to winning the game, link to Eliminate) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:41, 15 December 2015 (CET)

Distractor Targets (aim assist for "wrong targets"; thanks to #104)

Playable Epilogue (thanks to #121)

Screen Splatter (see Giantbomb; damage in FPS, also ink in Mario Kart) --Staffan Björk (talk) 13:54, 19 July 2016 (UTC)

Templates (as used in GURPS) --Staffan Björk (talk) 08:01, 11 August 2016 (UTC)

Procedurally Generated Game Areas (duh) --16:18, 2 September 2016 (UTC)

Runaway Leader (close to Predictable Winner --08:29, 4 September 2016 (UTC)

Predictable Gameplay Time (how long it takes to play the game, relate to Time Limited Game Instances and positive and Negative Feedback Loops) --Staffan Björk (talk) 08:54, 4 September 2016 (UTC)

Quantum Ogre (search google; always shows up - related to the Gamma World design solution I can't find) Staffan Björk (talk) 16:53, 7 November 2017 (UTC)

Ironman Mode (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 13:21, 12 January 2018 (UTC)

Level Summaries (list of performance after the completion of a level) --Staffan Björk (talk) 13:21, 12 January 2018 (UTC)

Optional Objectives (requirements to a goal that aren't necessary but allows players to complete them in more difficult ways) --13:21, 12 January 2018 (UTC)

Playstyle Hinting (from student assignment 4 in course 2017) --Staffan Björk (talk) 14:02, 15 January 2018 (UTC)

Main Goals (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 14:09, 19 January 2018 (UTC)

Individual winner in team struggles, e.g. Study in Emerald --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Single Input Games (Singlebutton paper by Breyer?) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Mooks (related to Generic Adversaries) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Fate Play (larps) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Opt-Out Design (larps) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Opt-In Design (larps) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Theorycrafting --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Follow the Leader ( coop thank brisse) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Push Your Luck --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Leader Boards --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Stepwise Elimination (Xidit) --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Multiple Social Circles --Staffan Björk (talk) 10:13, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Deck Slimming (Dominion etc.) --Staffan Björk (talk) 11:22, 21 March 2018 (UTC)

Rooms (re Lobbies, Rooms: Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Active Waiting Rooms (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Elastic Instancing of Rooms (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Garbage Collection of Instance of Rooms (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Voluntary Migration from Rooms (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Involuntary Migration from Rooms (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Preserve Cohorts (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Positive Fictional Identities (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Automated Initial Interaction (re Lobbies, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Non-zero sum XP and Loot (Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Non-zero sum guild rewards (Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Roles (re Asymmetric Roles, Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Cone of Silence (Daniel Cook's GDC 2018 presentation ) --Staffan Björk (talk) 18:41, 27 March 2018 (UTC)

Player/Character Awareness Consistency (that characters and players know the same things) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 11:32, 3 April 2018 (UTC)

Immutable Rules (rules that don't change, Nomic is not an example!) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 10:54, 6 April 2018 (UTC)

Resource Competition (duh) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 13:20, 9 April 2018 (UTC)

Codex (collection of data about the game world, interface pattern, ack. Stefan Ekman) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 07:55, 24 August 2018 (UTC)

After Care (larp, Montola The positve negative experience paper) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 09:04, 17 September 2018 (UTC)

Tally Screen (sums up things after gameplay, see [this] ----Staffan Björk (talk) 07:33, 21 October 2018 (UTC)

Shared Displays (as in Pacman must die and papers by Eriksson, Torgersson, and Berend...) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 14:20, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Alpha Player (single person doing everything or dictating everything in co-op games) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 14:29, 12 November 2018 (UTC)

Slow Playing (as in Terraforming Mars) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 10:57, 19 November 2018 (UTC)

Input Randomness (Yatzhee, etc.) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 14:01, 14 January 2019 (UTC)

Output Randomness (BRP e.g.) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 14:01, 14 January 2019 (UTC)

Apex Predator (from Stealth gameplay style 2018, Also]

Moments of Glory (aesthetics pattern from hardcore competitive gameplay style 2018) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 09:25, 27 January 2019 (UTC)

Perspective Taking (Roleplaying, thinking ahead in Chess, Cooperation) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 09:32, 31 May 2019 (UTC)

Disposable Lives (units that can or need to be sacrified; ack: Samir Aoun) ----Staffan Björk (talk) 08:57, 21 October 2020 (UTC)

Perks (duh, ack to Tim Björk and Max Sundin Pekkala) --- Staffan Björk (talk) 10:44, 3 December 2020 (UTC)

Null Tokens (tokens that represent 0 resources but can trick other players) ---- Staffan Björk (talk) 07:31, 26 August 2021 (UTC)

Corpse Running (A Death Consequence where you need to collect your corpse - or your equipment - after you died, e.g. Diablo series or World of Warcraft) ----- Staffan Björk (talk) 16:26, 06 October 2021 (UTC)

Forfeiting (duh; thanks to Anders) Staffan Björk ---- Staffan Björk (talk) 09:07, 29 November 2021 (UTC)

Morality Systems (duh; thanks for Malcolm Ryan) ---- Staffan Björk (talk) 08:59, 18 December 2021 (UTC)

Multiplayer Solitaire (duh, thanks to Adam Andersson) ---- Staffan Björk (talk) 15:12, 13 January 2022 (UTC)

Character/Player Cognitive Imbalance (when Characters know more about the game world, are smarter, etc. - or the other way around) ---- Staffan Björk (talk) 07:40, 8 April 2022 (UTC)

Character Engrossment (engrossment lensed through a Character perspective) ---- Staffan Björk (talk) 08:12, 8 April 2022 (UTC)

Mandatory Goals (duh) --Staffan Björk (talk) 15:11, 25 August 2022 (UTC)

Potentially too specific patterns (mainly from GiantBomb)

Adjustable Character Level (see

Camera Following Projectiles

Reticule Magnetism

Bullet Magnetism


Dynamic split-screen

Camera Shift

Boffer Combat (then also Ars Armandi etc.)